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JCSE, vol. 10, no. 4, pp.111-117, December, 2016


An ADHD Diagnostic Approach Based on Binary-Coded Genetic Algorithm and Extreme Learning Machine

Vasily Sachnev and Sundaram Suresh
School of Information, Communication and Electronics Engineering, The Catholic University of Korea, Bucheon, Korea School of Computer Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Abstract: An accurate approach for diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is presented in this paper. The presented technique efficiently classifies three subtypes of ADHD (ADHD-C, ADHD-H, ADHD-I) and typically developing control (TDC) by using only structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The research examines structural MRI of the hippocampus from the ADHD-200 database. Each available MRI has been processed by a region-of-interest (ROI) to build a set of features for further analysis. The presented ADHD diagnostic approach unifies feature selection and classification techniques. The feature selection technique based on the proposed binary-coded genetic algorithm searches for an optimal subset of features extracted from the hippocampus. The classification technique uses a chosen optimal subset of features for accurate classification of three subtypes of ADHD and TDC. In this study, the famous Extreme Learning Machine is used as a classification technique. Experimental results clearly indicate that the presented BCGAELM (binary-coded genetic algorithm coupled with Extreme Learning Machine) efficiently classifies TDC and three subtypes of ADHD and outperforms existing techniques.

Keyword: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; ADHD-200; Hippocampus; Binary-coded genetic algorithm;

Full Paper:   468 Downloads, 887 View

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